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Ethiopia is the second highest country of the continent, next to Lesotho. Fifty percent of its area lies above 1200m (ca. 3900 ft). The highest mountain reaches 4545 meters (14911 ft), the lowest point lies 116 meters (380 ft) below sea level at the Danakil depression, west of the border to Eritrea. In the lower plains it can get very hot while temperatures in the mountains are relatively low.

 

Ethiopia has more than 92 million inhabitants and is the second-most populated country in Africa. With an annual income per capita of approximately 570 US-Dollars, it is one of the poorest countries in the world. Droughts and a rapid increase in population have allowed poverty to persist.

Half of the population is malnourished. Every eighth child dies below the age of five years old. Women's rights are only partially realized. Female genital mutilation is still widespread. Child labor, child prostitution and homeless children exist due to poverty.

 

Addis Ababa

Addis Ababa (አዲስ ፡ አበባ; amharic: new flower) is the capital of Ethiopia and headquarters of the Economic Commission for Africa (UN/ECA) and the African Union (AU or UA). Addis Ababa is located at the foot of Mount Entoto. Elevations between 2200-3000 meters (ca. 7200-9800 ft) make Addis Ababa the third highest capital of the world. The city of more than 3.5 million inhabitants is full of contrasts: modern buildings stand next to disintegrated shacks, well-dressed people walk next to beggars in tattered and worn clothing, in front of expensive restaurants hungry children are waiting for leftovers.

 

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